The Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia
(in Russian: Комитет Освобождения Народов России, abbreviated as КОНР, KONR
) was a committee composed of military and civilian anticommunists
from territories of the Soviet Union
(most being Russians
). It was founded with the approval and sponsorship of Germany
on November 14, 1944, in German-controlled Prague
(purposely chosen because it was a Slavic
city that was still not under Soviet control).
The committee's stated goals were
- "The overthrow of Stalin's tyranny, the liberation of the peoples of Russia from the Bolshevik system, and the restitution of those rights to the peoples of Russia which they fought for and won in the people's revolution of 1917"
- "Discontinuation of the war and an honorable peace with Germany"
- "Creation of a new free people's political system without Bolsheviks and Exploiters"
The committee sought to overthrow the regime of Joseph Stalin
in the Soviet Union via an independent liberation army
, which would be armed by and work in alliance with Germany
. The committee expressed its support for the creation of a new more-or-less democratic
government in Russia. The goals of the committee were embodied in a document known as the Prague Manifesto
. The manifesto's fourteen points guaranteed the freedom of speech, press, religion, and assembly, as well as a right to self-determination
of any ethnic group living in territories... Read More