The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
, commonly pronounced "sifius") is an inter-agency committee of the United States Government
that reviews the national security
implications of foreign investments
in U.S. companies or operations. Chaired by the Secretary of the Treasury
, CFIUS includes representatives from 16 U.S. departments and agencies, including the Defense
departments, as well as (most recently) the Department of Homeland Security
. CFIUS was established by Gerald Ford
's in 1975. The committee gained additional authority after Ronald Reagan
delegated Presidential oversight to CFIUS by his Executive Order 12661 in 1988. This was in response to U.S. Congress
giving authority to the President to review foreign investments, in the form of Exon-Florio Amendment
Companies proposing to be involved in an acquisition by a foreign firm are supposed to voluntarily notify CFIUS, but CFIUS can review transactions that are not voluntarily submitted.
CFIUS reviews begin with a 30-day decision to authorize a transaction or begin a statutory investigation. If the latter is chosen, the committee has another 45 days to decide whether to permit the acquisition or order divestment
. Most transactions submitted to CFIUS are approved without the statutory investigation.
CFIUS has looked at the "restrictions on sale of advanced computers to any of a long list of foreign recipients, ranging from... Read More