Common Eland

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Description:
The common eland (Taurotragus oryx) (Swahili:Mbunga), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. It is the largest antelope in the African continent. It is native to Botswana, Burundi, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe; and is possibly extinct in Angola.

Etymology

The name "eland" is derived from the Dutch word for moose. When Dutch settlers came to the Cape Province they named the largest wild ruminant herbivore they met with the name of the huge northern herbivore. In Dutch the animal is called "Elandantelope" to distinguish it from the Moose, which is found in the northern boreal forests. Its scientific name 'Taurotragus oryx' is made of three Greek words- tauros (a bull), tragos (a he-goat)and orux (a gazelle or antelope).

Physical description



The elands are spiral-horned antelopes belonging to the Bovid tribe of Tragelaphini. Females weigh , measure from the snout to the base of the tail and stand at the shoulder. Coats are generally smooth at most of the body with a rough...
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