The Commonwealth of Catalonia
(, ) was an institution which covered the four Catalan diputacions
(provincial administrations). It was created on 6 April 1914, although the process of creating the authority started in 1911.
The Lower House of the Spanish Parliament
approved the creation of a Mancomunitat with very few powers compared to those originally envisioned for it, however the Senate never approved the creation of the authority.
In 18 December of 1913 the king signed the law granting provinces the right to group themselves into associations such as the Catalan Mancomunitat.
The Mancomunitat was formed by the federation of the four Catalan provincial councils, a long-standing demand on the part of the Catalans. Even though it was restricted to purely administrative functions, and its powers did not go beyond those of the provincial administrations, it acquired great political importance: it represented the first recognition by the Spanish state of the existence and of the unity of Catalonia since the year 1714.
Its first President was Enric Prat de la Riba
and afterwards the architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch
, both of the Lliga Regionalista
, who carried out the important task of creating an efficient infrastructure of roads
, hydraulic works
and health provision
. The Mancomunitat also undertook initiatives to increase agricultural and forest yields, introducing technological improvements, the improvement of services and education, and... Read More