The Communist Party in Saudi Arabia
(, Hizb al-Shuyu'i fi al-Sa'udiyah
) was a political party
in Saudi Arabia
. The CPSA was formed on August 31, 1975. It had its origins in the National Renewal Front which was founded on September 23, 1954 and transformed in the National Liberation Front
on October 17, 1958. The NLF was part of the Arab National Liberation Front
since 1963. The communists inside the NLF had a separate organization called the Organization of Saudi Communists (OSC). The remainder of the NLF founded the CPSA in 1975.The party was always illegal and persecuted by the regime.
The CPSA had a youth organization, the Union of Democratic Youth - Saudi Arabia (Ittihad ash-Shabab ad-Dimuqrati fi al-Sa'udiyah
), with office in Damascus
. Other organizations close to the CPSA were the Workers' Federation of Saudi Arabia, the National Union of Students of Saudi Arabia
(NUSSA) and the Democratic Women's League of Saudi Arabia.
Its central organ was Tariq al-Qadyhin
("Way of the Toilers").
The CPSA had close relations with other Arab communist parties and was a pro-Soviet party.
The party had renamed itself as Democratic Unification in Saudi Arabia
(التجمع الديموقراطي في السعودية) in the beginning of the 1990s. Soon thereafter, the regime released the political prisoners of the party in exchange that the party promised to disband.