Communist Party of Nepal
, also referred to as Communist Party of Nepal (Amatya)
was a communist party
. It emerged out of a split in the original Communist Party of Nepal
in 1962. The Communist Party of Nepal had been ravaged by internal conflicts, due to the Sino-Soviet split
and differences of how to relate to political changes in the country.
In April 1962 the radical sector of the Communist Party of Nepal convened a 3rd party convention in Varanasi
. But the preparation of the congress had been full of controversy. The congress approved the programme of National Democratic Revolution proposed by Tulsi Lal Amatya, and elected Tulsi Lal as general secretary. In an attempt to maintain the unity of the party, Pushpa Lal Shrestha
and Tulsi Lal were to share central leadership responsibilities. Keshar Jung Rayamjhi
, the leader of the pro-Soviet
faction of CPN was expelled. However, the Rayamajhi-led section did not recognize the convention. Rayamjhi's followers contiuned to function as a separate party, also using the name Communist Party of Nepal
However, between Amatya and Pushpa Lal there were political differences. Amatya favoured the idea of 'National Democracy' whereas Pushpa Lal advocated the line of 'People's Democracy'. From 1963 onwards, the two worked separately.Parajulee, Ramjee P.. The Democratic Transition in Nepal
. Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. p. 57 In 1968 the section of Pushpa Lal organized a separate convention in......