Community development financial institutions
(CDFI) are financial institutions
which provide credit and financial services to underserved markets and populations, primarily in the USA but also in the UK. A CDFI may be a community development bank
, a community development credit union
(CDCU), a community development loan fund (CDLF), a community development venture capital fund (CDVC), a microenterprise development loan fund, or a community development corporation
. CDFI Coalition.
CDFIs are certified by the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund
(CDFI Fund) at the U.S. Department of the Treasury
, which provides funds to CDFIs through a variety of programs. The CDFI fund and the legal concept of CDFIs were established by the Reigle Community Development and Regulatory Improvement Act of 1994.
Broadly speaking, a CDFI is defined as a financial institution that: has a primary mission of community development
, serves a target market, is a financing entity, provides development services, remains accountable to its community, and is a non-governmental entity.
The Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008
(HERA) authorized CDFIs certified by the CDFI Fund to become members of the Federal Home Loan Banks
. The Final Rule regarding the procedures and standards to be used by the Federal Home Loan Banks to evaluate applications for membership from CDFIs were published in the Federal Register Federal Housing Finance Agency
in January 2010. The Final Rule... Read More