The Comptroller of Maryland
, United States, currently Peter Franchot
, is the state's chief financial officer
and is also elected by the people for a four year term. The comptroller is not term-limited. The office was established by the Maryland Constitution of 1851
due to concern about the potential for fraud and corruption in the administration of the public treasury. The constitutional duties of the office begin with the broad mandate to exercise "general superintendence of the fiscal affairs of the State", which includes collecting taxes
and maintaining the general ledger. The Comptroller (or a deputy) countersigns all checks drawn by the State Treasurer (who is elected by the General Assembly) upon the deposits of the State. The Comptroller also prescribes the formalities for transfer of other evidence of State debt
and countersigns such papers.
In addition, the comptroller's office audits
taxpayers for compliance, handles delinquent tax collection, and enforces license and unclaimed property laws. The agency publicizes forgotten bank accounts, insurance benefits and other unclaimed assets of taxpayers. Acting as Maryland's chief accountant, the comptroller pays the state's bills, maintains its books, prepares financial reports, and pays its state employees.
List of Comptrollers of Maryland
- from the Maryland Archives