was conquered by the Muslims
in January 630 AD (10th day of Ramadan
, 8 AH
). It is called Fatah-e-Mubeen, The Glorious Victory.
In 628 the Meccan tribe of Quraysh
and the Muslim community in Medina
signed a 10 year truce called the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
According to the terms of the treaty of Hudaibiyah, the Arab tribes were given the option to join either of the parties, the Muslims or Quraish. Should any of these tribes face aggression, the party to which it was allied would have the right to retaliate. As a consequence, Banu Bakr
joined Quraish, and Khuza‘ah joined Muhammed. They thus lived in peace for sometime but ulterior motives stretching back to pre-Islamic period ignited by unabated fire of revenge triggered fresh hostilities. Banu Bakr, without caring a bit for the provisions of the treaty, attacked Banu Khuza'a
in a place called Al-Wateer in Sha‘ban, 8 A.H. Quraish helped Banu Bakr with men and arms taking advantage of the dark night. Pressed by their enemies, the tribesmen of Khuza‘ah sought the Holy Sanctuary, but here too, their lives were not spared, and, contrary to all accepted traditions, Nawfal, the chief of Banu Bakr, chasing them in the sanctified area — where no blood should be shed — massacred his adversaries.
After the incidence, Quraysh sent a delegation to the Muhammad, petitioning to maintain the treaty with the Muslims and offering material compensation. The Muslim forces had gathered in... Read More