The Constituent Assembly of Colombia
() was formed on February 5, 1991, to draft Colombia
's 1991 constitution
. It was dissolved in June 1991, after the new document was adopted nationwide.
Throughout the later half of the 20th century, many different sectors of Colombian public and political opinion, both outside and inside the Colombian Conservative Party
and the Colombian Liberal Party
, had developed an increasing desire to extensively reform the nation's aging 1886 constitution into a more modern document, according to the changing needs and realities of the citizens and their context, as well as a way to curve ongoing violence.
Some felt that the previous constitution, in spite of several amendments
that had been implemented (in 1910, for example), was no longer applicable as a whole and had to be discarded in favor of a more progressive document. Others recognized that despite the presence of what they saw as some enduring positive qualities and values (such as the open proclamation of Colombia as a Catholic
nation, considered as essential by some), a greater degree of political pluralism
and civil liberties was still necessary in order to better address the country's problems. Apparently only a relatively small number opposed any modifications outright.
In addition to all this, many critics felt that the country was exhausted of and needed a respite from what some called the "old political class", and that a new constitution would be of use in... Read More