Constitution of Portugal

Constitution Of Portugal

Constitution of Portugal

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The first Portuguese Constitution was drafted in 1822. Several revolutions led to the constitutions of 1826 , 1838 (Liberal Wars), 1911 (1910 Republican revolution), 1933 (28th May 1926 coup d'état), and 1976 (Carnation revolution).

Constitution of 1933

The Portuguese Constitution of 1933 was introduced by Prime Minister António de Oliveira Salazar in 1933, establishing the basis of the authoritarian Estado Novo regime, following the 28th May 1926 coup d'état. It is credited as the first constitution of any recognized country embracing corporatist principles (though outdated significantly by the Charter of Carnaro), espousing a bicameral parliament, including a western-styled National Assembly, elected directly every four years, and the Corporative Chamber, representing different "corporations", schools, universities, colonies and local municipalities, in effect appointed by the National Assembly after its inaugural. The role of the Corporative Chamber was limited to that of an advisory body, while all legislation was handled by the Assembly under the direction of its only party or "movement", the National Union, an ideology-lacking beacon completely subordinate to the Salazar administration. The Constitution also stipulated for a strong President of Portugal, naming the Prime Minister by own will, to be elected every five years through direct elections with no term limits. Antonio Oscar Carmona served as President, although outmaneuvered...
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