The Constitutional Court of Romania () is the institution which rules on whether the laws, decrees or other bills enacted by Romanian authorities are in conformity with the Constitution.
It consists of nine members serving nine-year terms which cannot be extended, with three members each appointed by the President, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Three members are renewed every three years, with the latest renewal having occurred in 2010.
According to the Article 144 of the Constitution, the Constitutional Court exercises the following powers:
to adjudicate on the constitutionality of laws, before promulgation, upon notification by the President of Romania, by the President of either Chamber of Parliament, by the Government, the Supreme Court of Justice, by a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators, as well as, ex officio, on initiatives to revise the Constitution
to adjudicate on the constitutionality of the Standing Orders of Parliament, upon notification by the President of either Chamber, by a parliamentary group or a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators
to decide on exceptions brought to the Courts of law as to the unconstitutionality of laws and orders
to guard the observance of the procedure for the election of the President of Romania and to confirm the ballot returns
to ascertain the circumstances which justify the interim in the exercise of office of President of Romania, and to report its findings to......