The Convention of Vergara
() was a treaty successfully ending the major fighting in Spain
's First Carlist War
. The treaty—also known by many other names including the Embrace of Vergara () was signed by Baldomero Espartero
for the Isabelines
(or "Constitutionalists") and Rafael Maroto
for the Carlists
The two generals met at the hermitage of San Antolín de Abadiano
near Durango, Biscay
. The British
commissioner Colonel Wylde attended as an observer, because of England's recent role as mediator in the conflict; also present was brigadier Francisco Linage
, secretary to Espartero.
Initially, negotiations were stymied by the matter of fueros
, the special rights of certain regions of Spain, notably the Basque Country
: Maroto had promised to defend the fueros
and Espartero held that they were unconstitutional.
As negotiations took place, both armies remained positioned and prepared, although they did not battle. Two less senior Carlist officers—La Torre and Urbiztondo—formalized the treaty with Espartero; the first written version still lacked Maroto's signature, although everything that it expounded was in his name. Later, Espartero sent a copy to Maroto with a request to sign it formally.
The first article of the treaty was related to fueros
, and declared that "Captain General Don
Baldomero Espartero will recommend with interest to the government compliance with its offer to compromise formally to propose to the Court the concession or modification... Read More