Cooch Behar district
(, Rajbongshi/Kamatapuri : কোচবিহার) is a district of the state of West Bengal
, as well as the district's namesake town. During the British Raj
, the town of Cooch Behar was the seat of a princely state
of Koch Bihar
, ruled by the Koch dynasty.
Over time, Cooch Behar has been transformed from a kingdom to a state and from a state to the present status of a district. Before 28 August 1949, Cooch Behar was a Princely state ruled by the king of Cooch Behar, who had been a feudatory ruler under the British Government
. By an agreement dated 28 August 1949 the king of Cooch Behar ceded full and extensive authority, jurisdiction and power of the state to the Dominion Government of India
. The transfer of administration of the state to the Government of India came into force on 12 September 1949. Eventually, Cooch Behar was transferred and merged with the province of West Bengal
on 19 January 1950 and from that date Cooch Behar emerged as a new District in the administrative map of West Bengal.
Origin of name
The name "Cooch-Behar" is derived from the name of the Koch Rajbongshi tribe that is indigenous to this area. The word "Behar" is the Sanskrit
word "Bihar" (to travel) which means the land through which the "Koch Rajbongshi" Kings used to travel or roam about ("Bihar").
The greatest Koch Rajbongshi King that has ever ruled in the Kingdom of Kamatapur is Maharaj Naranarayan,... Read More