(1930s-1970s) is a concept of federalism
in which national, state
, and local governments
interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems, rather than making policies separately but more or less equally (such as the nineteenth century's dual federalism
) or clashing over a policy in a system dominated by the national government.
The European Union and the United States
Comparisons Between the European Union and the United States
<!-- Lisbon Treaty, because its the first time, we have a tidy list like this. 19 century USA because its the only 1 i could find, please update it. -->In the Lisbon Treaty
the distribution of competences in various policy areas between Member States and the European union is redistributed in 3 categories. In the United States soon after its creation (1789), it had exclusive competences only(changed somewhat since then, but the basic design remain to this day). Competences not explicitly listed belong to lower levels of governance.
In the American federal system, there are limitations on national government's ability to carry out its policies through executive branch of state governments. For example, in Printz v. United States
, 521 U.S. 898 (1997) the Court held that the national government could not directly require state law enforcement officers to conduct background checks under the Brady firearms legislation. The court explained that prior decisions warned that "this Court never... Read More