Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau
; ; ) is a government agency in Singapore
which investigates and prosecutes corruption
in the public and private sectors. It was established by the British
colonial government in 1952.
Although the primary function is to investigate corruption, it is empowered to investigate other criminal cases in which corruption may be involved.
Incorporated within the Prime Minister's Office (PMO), the Bureau is headed by a director who reports directly to the Prime Minister
. CPIB is therefore independent from the Singapore Police Force
and other government agencies to prevent any undue interference in its investigations.
It also has the upmost right, similar to the Singapore's Internal Security Department, to detain suspects of corrupt practices without law trial.
Anti-corruption law in Singapore
The Prevention of Corruption Act
provides extensive powers to CPIB in the investigation of corruption, including:
- The power to investigate not just the suspect, but also the suspect's family or agents and to examine their financial and other records.
- The power to require the attendance of witnesses for interview.
- The power to investigate any other seizable offence which is disclosed in the course of a corruption investigation.