The Court of Appeal of New Zealand
, located in Wellington
, is New Zealand
’s principal intermediate appellate court
. In practice, most appeals are resolved at this intermediate appellate level, rather than in the Supreme Court
. The Court of Appeal has existed as a separate court since 1862
but, until 1957
, it was composed of Judges of the Supreme Court (as the High Court
was known then) sitting periodically in panels. In 1957 the Court of Appeal was reconstituted as a permanent court separate from the Supreme Court.
The President and nine other permanent appellate Judges constitute the full-time working membership of the Court.The Court sits in panels of five Judges and three Judges depending on the nature and wider significance of the particular case. A considerable number of three-Judge cases are heard by divisional courts consisting of one permanent Judge and two High Court Judges seconded for that purpose.
The Court deals with civil and criminal appeals from proceedings heard in the High Court, and indictable criminal proceedings in District Courts. As well, matters appealed to the High Court from a District Court can be taken to the Court of Appeal with leave if they are considered to be of sufficient significance to warrant a second appeal. The Court may, if it grants leave, hear appeals against pre-trial rulings in criminal cases. The Court hears appeals on questions of law from the Employment Court and the Environment Court. The Court of Appeal also... Read More