The .30 Kiraly-Cristobal carbine
, also known as the San Cristobal
or Cristobal automatic rifle
was manufactured by the Dominican Republic
’s Armeria San Cristobal Weapon Factory.
Although called a carbine, the gun may be termed a submachine gun
since it is identical to the Hungarian 39M
submachine gun. Both weapons
were designed by Hungarian engineer Pál Király
, who came to the Dominican Republic as an expatriate in 1948. The gun's name is a reference to the San Cristóbal Province
, which is the birth place of the late Dominican dictator, Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo
. The Dominican Republic's military was the main user of this weapon although it was also exported to Cuba
prior to the Cuban Revolution
The Cristobal had a wooden stock, a 30-round bottom-mounted box magazine, and tubular receiver with a fixed cocking handle on the right-hand side. It used Lever-delayed blowback
for its operation. The original version was produced in 9 mm Luger
. The most typical version of the Cristobal was made in .30 Carbine
Over 200,000 Cristobals were made by the Armeria San Cristobal from 1950 to 1966. After Trujillo’s assassination on 31 May 1961, the Dominican government decided not to maintain a local military industry and production was slowly wound down. By 1990, the Cristobal was no longer a standard Dominican firearm, but continues to be used for basic training in the Dominican Republic's military schools.
This carbine was used by Che Guevara
during the Cuban...