Critical management studies
(CMS) is a loose but extensive grouping of politically left wing
and theoretically informed critiques of management
, business and organisation, grounded originally in a critical theory
perspective. Today it encompasses a wide range of perspectives that are critical of traditional theories of management and the business schools that generate these theories.
It is generally accepted that CMS began with Mats Alvesson
and Hugh Willmott
's edited collection Critical Management Studies
(1992). Critical Management Studies (CMS) initially brought together critical theory
writings, but has since developed in more diverse directions.
A dominant narrative within CMS is that perhaps the most important development in its stimulation was the global expansion of business schools, an American invention, especially in Europe. Decreases in state funding, so the narrative has it, for social sciences and increases in funding for business schools during the 1980s resulted in many academics with graduate training in sociology
and other social sciences ending up with jobs "training managers". However, what business schools are or should do has always been debated.
These academics brought different theoretical tools and political perspectives into business schools. They began to question the politics of managerialism and to link the techniques of management to neo-liberalism. These new voices drew... Read More