Critical micelle concentration

Critical Micelle Concentration

Critical micelle concentration

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In colloidal and surface chemistry, the critical micelle concentration (CMC) is defined as the concentration of surfactants above which micelles form and almost all additional surfactants added to the system go to micelles.

The CMC is an important characteristic of a surfactant. Before reaching the CMC, the surface tension changes strongly with the concentration of the surfactant. After reaching the CMC, the surface tensions remains relatively constant or changes with a lower slope. The value of the CMC for a given dispersant in a given medium depends on temperature, pressure, and (sometimes strongly) on the presence and concentration of other surface active substances and electrolytes. Micelles only form above critical micelle temperature.

For example, the value of CMC for sodium dodecyl sulfate in water (no other additives or salts) at 25 °C, atmospheric pressure, is 8x10<sup>-3</sup> mol/L.Ana Domínguez, Aurora Fernández, Noemí González, Emilia Iglesias, and Luis Montenegro"Determination of Critical Micelle Concentration of Some Surfactants by Three...
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