Numerous governmental and non-governmental organizations have criticized the U. S. Food and Drug Administration
of either over- or under- regulation
. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services
and is responsible for the safety regulation of most types of foods
, dietary supplements
, biological medical products
, blood products
, medical devices
-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics
. The FDA also enforces section 361 of the Public Health Service Act
and the associated regulations, including sanitation
requirements on interstate travel as well as specific rules for control of disease on products ranging from animals sold as pets to donations of human blood and tissue.
A $1.8 million 2006 Institute of Medicine
report on pharmaceutical regulation in the U.S. found major deficiencies in the FDA system for ensuring the safety of drugs on the American market. Overall, the authors called for an increase in the regulatory powers
, funding, and independence of the FDA.Committee on the Assessment of the US Drug Safety System. (2006). The Future of Drug Safety: Promoting and Protecting the Health of the Public
. Institute of Medicine
Charges of over-regulation
A group of critics claim that the FDA possesses excessive regulatory authority.
Alleged problems in the drug approval......