encompasses the visual art of the ancient Cycladic civilization
, which flourished in the islands of the Aegean Sea from 3300
- 2000 BCE
. Along with the Minoans
, the Cycladic people are counted among the three major Aegean cultures. Cycladic art therefore comprises one of the three main branches of Aegean art
Almost all information known regarding Neolithic art of the Cyclades comes from the excavation site of Saliagos off Antiparos. Pottery of this period is similar to that of Crete
and the Greek Mainland
. Sinclair Hood writes: “A distinctive shape is a bowl on a high foot comparable with a type which occurs in the mainland Late Neolithic" (Hood 28).
Early Cycladic Art
Early Cycladic Art is divided into three periods (EC I (2800-2500 BCE), EC II (2500-2200 BCE), and EC III (2200-2000 BCE)), the art is by no means strictly confined to one of these periods, and in some cases, even representative of more than one of the Cycladic islands. The art of EC I is best represented on the islands of Paros, Antiparos, and Amorgos, while EC II is primarily seen on Syros, and EC III on Melos (Higgins 53).
The best-known art of this period are the marble figures usually called "idols" or "figurines", though neither name is exactly correct: the former term suggests a religious function which is by no means agreed on by experts, and the latter doesn't properly apply to the largest... Read More