The Cypriot wine
industry ranks 37th in the world
in terms of total production quantity (37,500 tonnes)., and much higher on a per capita
basis. Although, chronologically, Cyprus
belongs to the old world
producing countries, the industry has gone through changes that place it more on par with the new world
. The wine industry is a significant contributor to the Cypriot economy through cultivation, production, employment, export and tourism.
has been a vine-growing and wine-producing country for millennia. Internationally, it is best known for Commandaria
wine. Most wine production remains based on a few varieties of local grapes such as Mavro
and Xynisteri (see table below)
although international varieties are also cultivated.
The history of wine in Cyprus can be broken down into four distinct periods.
Exactly how far back wine production in Cyprus goes is unknown. Wine was being traded at least as early as 2300 BC, the date of a shipwreck (similar to the Kyrenia ship
) carrying over 2,500 amphorae
, discovered in 1999. Its origin and destination are unknown, but must have been along the trade route between Greece and Egypt.
More recently, two discoveries have put that date back by a few more years. The first was the discovery of a Bronze Age (2500-2000 BC) perfumery near the village of Pyrgos. Near this perfumery,... Read More