(12 April 1917 – 18 January 1977) was a Bosniak Communist
politician from Bosnia and Herzegovina
, and the prime minister of Yugoslavia
from 1971 until his death.
Džemal Bijedić was born in Mostar
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
(then part of Austria-Hungary
) to Adem and Zarifa from the famous merchant family Bijedić. He finished his elementary education as well as high school in Mostar, and graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Law
, where he joined the communist party in 1939. After Nazi Germany
on 6 April 1941 Bijedić joined the Yugoslav Partisans
under the leadership of Yugoslav communist leader Josip Broz Tito
. Bijedić remained in the partisans until the end of the People's Liberation War
After the liberation, he performed many duties involving responsibility, in Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Yugoslavia. From 1967, he was the president of the SR BIH Assembly ( which was by the constitutional regulations of the time the function of the president of the Republic). From July 1971 until his death in 1977, he was the Prime Minister of the SFRY government.
Bijedić played a vital role in affirming Muslims
as a Yugoslav constitutive nation and according to academic Avdo Sućeska "more than any other single Communist leader of Muslim origin."
- President of the People's Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina......