Dalip Singh Saund
: ਦਲੀਪ ਸਿੰਘ ਸਾਓੁਂਦ) (September 20, 1899–April 22, 1973) was a member of the United States House of Representatives
. He served the 29th District
from January 3, 1957–January 3, 1963. He was the first Asian American
, Indian American
member of the United States Congress
. He is to date the only Sikh to have served in Congress, though Congressman Martin Hoke
(R-OH) lived as a Sikh for a period of time in the 1970s.
Born in Chhajulwadi, Punjab
, to a Sikh family, he received his bachelor's degree
in mathematics from the University of Punjab
He emigrated to the United States
, (via Ellis Island
) originally to study agriculture
at the University of California, Berkeley
. While at the university, he obtained a master's degree
(1922) and a Ph.D.
(1924), both in mathematics. He thereafter remained in the United States, becoming a successful farmer.
Later, he campaigned to allow "Hindus," as all people of South Asian descent were called at that time, to become naturalized citizens. After the Luce-Celler Act
was passed in 1946, he applied for naturalization and became an American citizen in 1949. He ran for election in 1950 as a Justice of the Peace for Westmoreland township
, and won the election, but his election was thrown out as he had been a citizen for less than a year. He later ran again for the same post and won.
In November 1955, he announced his campaign to run for... Read More