Darius the Great's Suez Inscriptions

Darius The Great's Suez Inscriptions

Darius the Great's Suez Inscriptions

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Darius the Great's Suez Inscriptions were texts written in Old Persian, Median, Assyrian and Egyptian on five monuments erected in Wadi Tumilat, commemorating the opening of a canal between the Nile and The Bitter Lakes.William Matthew Flinders Petrie, A History of Egypt. Volume 3: From the XIXth to the XXXth Dynasties, Adamant Media Corporation, ISBN 0543993264, p.366

The best preserved of these monuments was a stele of pink granite, which was discovered by Charles de Lesseps, Ferdinand de Lesseps's son, in 1866, 130 kilometers from Suez near Kabret in Egypt. It was erected by Darius the Great, king of ancient Persia, whose reign lasted from 522 BCE to 486 BCE. The monument, also known as the Chalouf stele (alt. Shaluf Stele), records the construction of a forerunner of the modern Suez Canal by the Persians, a canal through Wadi Tumilat, connecting the easternmost, Bubastite, branch of the Nile with Lake Timsah which was connected to the Red Sea by natural waterways. Barbara Watterson (1997), The Egyptians, Blackwell Publishing, ISBN 0631211950, p.186 The stated purpose of the canal was the creation of a shipping connection between the Nile and the Red Sea, between Egypt and Persia.

Text

Partial transliteration and translation of the inscription:

xâmanišiya thâtiy Dârayavauš XŠ adam Pârsa amiy hacâ Pârsâ Mudrâyam agarbâyam adam niyaštâyam ...
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