Dassault Hirondelle

Dassault Hirondelle

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Dassault Hirondelle

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Description:
<!-- This article is a part of WikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout. -->The Dassault M.D.320 Hirondelle was a French 14-seat utility transport aircraft of the 1960s, designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Only one aircraft was built.

Design and development

In 1967 the French Air Force was investigating replacement aircraft for the Douglas DC-3 and Beechcraft 18 twin-engine aircraft being used for light transport and pilot navigation training. They solicited proposals from the French industrial community, and specified that any submittals would be powered by Astazou turboprops of 870 hp.

In response to this request, Dassault designed and constructed a single prototype, the M.D.320. It was later named Hirondelle (Swallow). Its design and construction were fairly rapid, because it extensively used the Dassault Falcon 20 (which first flew in 1963) as a basis. The fuselage length and volume were identical to the Falcon 20, and its wing and control surfaces were adaptations of the 20.

The Hirondelle was an all-metal low-wing monoplane with swept vertical tail. The wing and tailplane were slightly swept. It used a retractable tricycle undercarriage, with the main gear retracting into the engine nacelle.

The Hirondelle had a circular cross-section fuselage with accommodation for a crew of two and room for a maximum of 14 passengers. There were 5 round windows on each side of the pressurized fuselage.

The prototype...
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