means state and is used as a title in several cultures.
Daula as nominal title
In the major Indian Muslim princely state of Hyderabad
was one of the aristocratic titles bestowed by the ruling Nizam
upon Muslim court retainers, ranking above Khan
, Khan Bahadur, Nawab
(homonymous with a high Muslim ruler's title), Jang
(in ascending order), but under Mulk
.The equivalent for the court's Hindu retainers was Vant
In many honorary titles, the element ud-Daula
'of the state' occurs, even though usually they are just lofty honours, sometimes ad hoc creations, generally without real connection to any function in the state, while often bestowed as a personal (sometimes hereditary) favor by the crown upon holders of high offices, high nobles and trusted courtiers, or even allies; for example:
- Mirza Ghiyas Beg (immigrated from Persia), the Divan (i.e. Minister of the Treasury) of the Mughal Emperor of India Jahangir, was given the title Itmad-ud-Daula (Persian: اعتماد الدوله 'Pillar of the State').
- in Bahwalpur, Mukhlis ud-Daula 'Devoted Servant of the State', Saif ud-Daula (cfr. infra), wa Muin ud-Daula (?) and Rukn ud-Daula 'Pillar of the State' were all subsidiary titles of the ruling Nawab and Amir.
- Nasir ad-Daula was awarded to Hassan, a Hamdanid (Arab) Caliphal governor of Mosul and Diyarbakir (929-968)
- Sahib ud-daula 'Lord of the state' in Egypt * circa 'His Excellency'; also in Tunis (also spelled Saheb 'Ed Daoula)......