David Bruce (microbiologist)

David Bruce (Microbiologist)

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David Bruce (microbiologist)

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Major-General Sir David Bruce KCB FRS FRSE (29 May 1855, Melbourne - 27 November 1931, London) was a Scottish pathologist and microbiologist who investigated the Malta-fever and trypanosomes, identifying the cause of sleeping sickness.

He was born to Scottish parents, engineer David Bruce and his wife Jane Russell Hamilton, in Australia and returned with his family to Scotland at the age of 5. He was educated at Stirling High School and then studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh.

After a brief period as a general practitioner in Reigate (1881–83) he joined the Army Medical Service (1883–1919) and in 1884 was stationed in Malta, where he identified Malta Fever. In 1903 he identified the causative protozoa, and tsetse fly as the vector, of African trypanosomiasis ("sleeping sickness").

He won the Leeuwenhoek Medal in 1915.

Brucella is the genus of the Bacteriaceae which is named after him. Brucella melitensis is the cause of undulant fever in man and of abortion in goats. It is usually transmitted by goat's milk. Trypanosoma brucei, the cause of sleeping sickness, is also named after him.

Names of undulant fever

Malta fever
Mediterranean fever
continued fever
Cyprus fever
goat fever
Gibraltar fever
mountain fever
Neapolitan fever
rock fever
slow fever
febris melitensis
febris undulans
Bruce's septicemia
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