Deir ez-Zor

Deir Ez-Zor

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Deir ez-Zor

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Description:
Deir ez Zor, also spelled Dayr az-Zawr, Der Zor, and other variants (; Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ, , , Ter Zor), is the largest city in northeastern Syria on the Euphrates River and capital of the Deir ez-Zor Governorate, 450 km to the northeast from the capital Damascus. As in 2009, there were around 511,000 people living in the metropolitan area of the city.

Names

Among Syrians and neighbouring regions, Ad-Deir is used for short to indicate Deir ez Zor. Current name, which has been extended to the region around it, indicates an ancient site for one of the Early Christian secluded monasteries spread since the persecution times and Apostolic Age throughout Mesopotamia.Moffett, S. H. (1992): A History of Christianity in Asia: Beginnings to 1500. Harper, San Francisco. ISBN 0060657790 Although Deir, which is Arabic for "monastery", thought to be kept throughout Medieval and Modern Age renaming, Zor, which indicates the riverbank bush, appeared only in some late Ottoman records.Shaw, S. J. (1978): International Journal of Middle East Studies, 9: 325-338.

History

The modern town was expanded by the Ottoman Empire in 1867 around the pre-existing town. In 1915, the city became a major destination point in the Armenian Genocide; This had been the largest destination of Armenians killed in the Armenian Genocide. A memorial commemorating this tragedy was erected in...
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