The Demoiselle Crane
, Anthropoides virgo
, is a species of crane
that breeds in Central Asia
and winters in India
, with a few found in Cyprus
and eastern Turkey
as well. The crane annually migrates
and South Asia
in winter. The bird is symbolically significant in the culture
of North India
, where it is known as the koonj
The Demoiselle is 85–100 cm (34–39 in) long with a 155–180 cm (61–71 in) wingspan. It weighs 2–3 kg (4.4–6.6 lbs). It is the smallest species of crane. The Demoiselle Crane is slightly smaller than the Common Crane
but has similar plumage
. It has a long white neck stripe and the black on the foreneck extends down over the chest in a plume.
It has a loud trumpeting call
, higher-pitched than the Common Crane. Like other cranes it has a dancing display, more balletic than the Common Crane, with less leaping.
During the breeding season
, marshy areas are preferred the living spaces, while the cranes are more commonly found in dry grasslands
throughout the winter. The birds usually nest no more than 500 m away from a main source of water. Damp marshes
, steppe habitats
, and meadows are all other areas in which the Demoiselle Crane could be spotted in.
Demoiselle Cranes have to take one of the toughest migrations
in the world. In... Read More