is a health condition caused by a person receiving too much fluoride
during tooth development
. The critical period of exposure is between 1 and 4 years old; although fluorosis can affect people of any age despite claims that it only affects children. In its mild form, which is the most common, fluorosis appears as tiny white streaks or specks that are often unnoticeable.The spots and stains left by fluorosis are permanent. They may darken over time.
In its most severe form, which is also called mottling of dental enamel, it is characterized by black and brown stains, as well as cracking and pitting of the teeth.
The severity of dental fluorosis depends on the amount of fluoride exposure, the age of the child, individual response, as well as other factors including nutrition. Although water fluoridation
can cause fluorosis, most of this is mild and not usually of aesthetic concern. Severe cases can be caused by exposure to water that is naturally fluoridated to levels well above the recommended levels, or by exposure to other fluoride sources such as brick tea
or pollution from high... Read More