<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities
for details -->Deogarh
, also known as Devgarh
, is a village in Chhindwara District
of the Indian
state of Madhya Pradesh
. It is located 24 miles southwest of Chhindwara
, picturesquely situated on a crest of the hills.
Deogharh was formerly the capital of a Gond
kingdom, which rose to prominence in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. The numerous wells, tanks, and buildings show that the Gond capital once extended over a large area.
Popular tradition tells of a Gaoli Kingdom preceding the Gonds. The mythical Gond hero Jatba
, who founded the dynasty, was born from a virgin
under a bean plant, and was protected by a cobra
, who came and spread its hood over him during the heat of the day, when his mother left him to go to her work. When he grew up he became famous for his feats of strength, and entered the service of the twin Gaoli kings, Ransur and Ghansur, whom he subsequently slew with a magic sword, and taking the kingdom in their stead became the first Gond ruler. The forts of Patansaongi
in Nagpur District
are attributed to him.
In the late 17th century, Prince Bakht Buland
went to Delhi
, where he entered the service of the Mughal
. He gained the emperor's favor by his military achievements, and the emperor persuaded him to become a Muslim
. He returned from Delhi with a number of craftsmen and farmers, both Hindu and Muslim. He enlarged his dominions at the expense of the states of Chanda
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