: <sub>ALU</sub>DI-E-IR) was a Sumerian city-state
at the site of modern Tell Aqar
's Wasit Governorate
. It was east of the Tigris River
on the border between Sumer and Elam
. It's namewas possibly Durum.
Der was occupied from the Early Dynastic period through Neo-Assyrian
times. The local deity of the city was named Ishtaran
, represented on Earth by his minister, the snake god Nirah.
In the late 3rd millennium, during the reign of Sulgi
of the Third Dynasty of Ur
, Der was mentioned twice. The Sulgi year name 11 was named "Year Ishtaran of Der was brought into his temple", and year 21 was named "Year Der was destroyed".
In the second millennium, Rim-Sin I
reported destroying Der in his 20th year. Ammi-Ditana
also recorded destroying the city wall of Der in his 37th year, that he said had been built earlier by Damiq-ilishu of the Sealand Dynasty.
In 720 BC the Assyrian
king Sargon II
moved against Elam, but the Assyrian host was defeated near Der by the combined army of king Humban-Nikash I of Elam and king Marduk-apla-iddina II
While it appear that no... Read More