(, Ḑhaka Jela) is a district
located in central Bangladesh
. It is a part of the Dhaka Division
, the capital of Bangladesh, rests on the eastern banks of the Buriganga River
which flows from the Turag
to the south of the district. While Dhaka
(city) occupies only about a fifth of the area of Dhaka district, it is the economic, political and cultural centre of the district and the country as a whole.
Dhaka District shares borders with Gazipur
to the north, Munshiganj
to the south, Narayanganj
to the east and Manikganj
to the west. Main rivers flowing through this district are Padma
and numerous smaller rivers including Bangshi, Turag, Balu, Elamjani, Alam, Bherujkha, Ramkrishnadi, Elisamari, Tulsikhali. Major lakes ("beels") include Belai, Saldaher, Labandaher, Churain, Damsharan and Kiranjir Beel. Annual average temperature of the district is maximum 34.5°C, minimum 11.5°C; average annual rainfall 1931mm.
Dhaka district consists of several thanas (literally "police station", referring to the district or precinct covered by a police station) under Dhaka municipal area as well as five (5) upazilas ("sub-district"). For administrative purposes, a thana and a upazila are essentially identical. The five upazilas in Dhaka district not part of the city are: