The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
(1849, originally published 1844 under a slightly different title) is an encyclopedia
Edited by William Smith
, the dictionary spans three volumes and 3,700 pages. It is a classic work of 19th-century lexicography
. The work is a companion to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
and Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography
The work lists thirty-five authors in addition to the editor, who is also an author for some definitions and articles. The authors were classical
scholars, primarily from Oxford
, the Rugby School
, and the University of Bonn
, but some were from other institutions. Many of the mythological entries were the work of the German expatriate Leonhard Schmitz
, who helped to popularise German classical scholarship in Britain.
With respect to biographies, Smith intended to be comprehensive. In the preface, he writes:
- "The biographical articles in this work include the names of all persons of any importance which occur in the Greek and Roman writers, from the earliest times down to the extinction of the Western Empire in the year 476 of our era, and to the extinction of the Eastern Empire by the capture of Constantinople by the turks in the year 1453."
Many of the Dictionary'
s definitions and articles have been referred to in more recent works, and Robert Graves
has been accused of "lifting his... Read More