(, ), or Theyr bin Abdalla
as mentioned in the book "Futuh al-Habasha", is a Somali clan
. Its members mostly live in northwestern Somalia
, in addition to southern and central Somalia and the Ogaden
The main sub-clans of the Dir are the Issa
of Djibouti and Ethiopia, as well as the Gadabuursi
, Biyomaal, Surre and Gurgura. The Isaaq
are also sometimes classified as a Dir sub-clan, but this designation is rejected by Isaaq members who maintain that they represent a clan of their own.
According to tradition, Dir clan members are descended from a forefather named Dir
. Dir is held to be the great grand-son of Ram Nag, an Arab migrant who landed in Zeila
on the northwestern Somali coast.John Anthony Hunt, A general survey of the Somaliland Protectorate 1944-1950: final report on "An economic survey and reconnaissance of the British Somaliland Protectorate 1944-1950," Colonial Development and Welfare Scheme, Part 484
, (To be purchased from the Chief Secretary: 1951), p.151.I. M. Lewis, Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho
, (Red Sea Press: 1998), p.14.
Dir is also reputed to be the uncle of Esa Madoba, the patriarch of the Issa
Dir sub-clan, as well as the brother of Hawiya Irrir, who founded the Hawiye
clan. In addition,... Read More