Dislocation of Sami people

Dislocation Of Sami People

Dislocation of Sami people

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Description:
The Dislocation of Sami people refers to the ordered movement of 300-400 Sami peoples from Jukkasjärvi and Karesuando in 1920s to 1940s.

Background

This was outermost a result of political nature between Norway and Russia.Russia wanted the right to keep on fishing in Norwegian fjords but this was denied by Norway.In 1852 Russia answered by cutting off all relationships with Norway, causing regions in Torne Valley (on the Finnish-Russian side) to be excluded from Norwegian Samis' traditional pasture lands and vice versa. About 400 individuals from Norwegian Kautokeino area then started to change nationality to Swedish and settled in the parish of Karesuando, simply to gain access to previous pasture regions in Finland, since Russia said that Swedish Samis could enter Finland. This lasted until 1889, when Russia closed the border between Sweden and Finland also for Swedish Samis.

The Dislocation

The first movings

After the pasture in Karesuando became exhausted, which happened very quickly due to many of the families who left Kautokeino had very large herds, some of the original families of Karesuando and some of Kautokeino moved to the parishes of Jukkasjärvi, Gällivare, and Jokkmokk. Among these were Johan Turi. These first movings was all by own choice.

The forced relocation

In 1919 Norway and Sweden wrote a new convention about reindeer pasture areas. This led to the four northernmost sami villages lost their right to pasture in Norway. As the herds grew...
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