(竇威) (died 618), courtesy name Wenwei
(文蔚), formally (posthumously created) Duke Jing of Yan'an
(延安靖公), was a Sui Dynasty
official who, after the founding of Tang Dynasty
in 618, briefly served as a chancellor
until his death later that month.
Dou Wei was from Fufeng Commandery (扶風, roughly modern Baoji
). His father Dou Chi (竇熾) served as a high level official for both Northern Zhou
and Sui and was a hereditary noble. Dou Wei was considered quiet and studious in his youth, much unlike his brothers and cousins who, as nobles, were far more interested in military matters. The Sui official Li Delin
knew of his talent and recommended him as a junior official at the archival bureau (秘書省, Mishu Sheng
), but while it was regular for junior officials there to be promoted regularly, Dou was not promoted, and remained at his post for more than a decade, during which he studied the archives and became even more knowledgeable than before.
During Sui Dynasty
Dou later served as a scribe for Yang Xiu
the Prince of Shu, a son of Sui's founding emperor Emperor Wen
, but when he saw that Yang Xiu was engaging in improper behavior, he resigned, and subsequently when Emperor Wen discovered Yang Xiu's improper deeds in 602 and subsequently deposed him, many of Yang Xiu's subordinates were punished, but Dou escaped punishment. In 608, during the reign of Emperor Wen's son Emperor Yang
, he became a senior official at the... Read More