Dr. Nitin Raut

Dr. Nitin Raut

The MaharashtraEmployment GuaranteeScheme has helped thepoor ...More
The MaharashtraEmployment GuaranteeScheme has helped thepoor peasants of RuralMaharashtra this articleseeks to explain howministers such as NitinRaut have helped toalleviate poverty inMaharashtra. Less

Dr. Nitin Raut

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Overview:
The Maharashtra Employment Guarantee Scheme has started more than 20 years ago as a drought relief measure to check rural migration. This is a large scale rural works programme that has been in operation since 1974 in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The EGS as a public employment scheme was designed as a state level response to the adverse economic and demographic trends in rural Maharashtra. This scheme was started with the aim of alleviating poverty by providing gainful employment to the more backward communities and populations in India. The guarantee to provide work has been reduced to providing manual labor to the poorer sections of the community. In this scheme the employment seeker is required to declare that the employment seeker will have to work for a continuous period of at least 30 days to which the Samiti officer has directed. This scheme only allows productive works and the primary objective of the EGS is to guarantee employment and poverty alleviation in rural areas of Maharashtra. This has become the most important program at the state level, it has also become one of the most reached and discussed programs in the country. This has become an interesting example of public works program for poverty alleviation as it has significantly improved the livelihoods of people. Hence employment in agriculture has been supplemented by this program in order for farmers to sustain a livelihood during the drought period. The EGS has the support of all the groups in the state whether it is the urban population; the rural rich or the rural poor, politicians such as Dr Nitin Raut have played an active role in the functioning of the state. In India employment provision has been used as an effective instrument for protecting entitlements for centuries. Employment in public works has been the main element for alleviation of poverty and strategies for famine prevention. The effectiveness of the Employment Guarantee Scheme in covering the target group has been challenged. This target group mostly consists of landless laborers The EGS provides employment at a prescribed wage to whoever wishes to work. It is the choice of the individual to decide whether he/she wants to participate in the scheme. This scheme is financed by the state government and its main objective is to enable families to lead a sustainable lifestyle. It also aims to strengthen the rural infrastructure. The works undertaken by this scheme have to be productive.
Description:
The Maharashtra Employment Guarantee Scheme has started more than 20 years ago as a drought relief measure to check rural migration. This is a large scale rural works programme that has been in operation since 1974 in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The EGS as a public employment scheme was designed as a state level response to the adverse economic and demographic trends in rural Maharashtra.

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The Maharashtra Employment Guarantee Scheme has helped the poor peasants of Rural Maharashtra this article seeks to explain how ministers such as Nitin Raut have helped to alleviate poverty in Maharashtra.
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