Dreux-Louvilliers Air Base
is a former United States Air Force
base. It is located in the Eure-et-Loir département
, southwest of Dreux
, and about one mile (1.6 km) west of Chennevieres; just to the west of the Départemental 20 (D20) (Eure-et-Loir) road.
During the Cold War
, Dreux-Louvilliers was a front-line base for the United States Air Forces in Europe
(USAFE). Sparingly used by USAFE and kept mostly in reserve status, it was used primarily as a tactical transport base for theater operations by the 60th Troop Carrier Wing
in the late 1950s, and as a base for deployed Air National Guard
tactical reconnaissance aircraft during the Berlin Crisis of 1961
Today the base is closed, in reserve status by the French Air Force.
With the outbreak of the Cold War
in the late 1940s, with the Berlin Airlift
and the ongoing threat from the Soviet Union to western Europe, negotiations began in November 1950 between NATO
and the United States to establish air bases and station combat wings in France to meet European defense needs.
During the negotiations for selection sites, the World War II airfield at Dreux was proposed for expansion into a modern air base. However, the French government rejected the airfield at Dreux, citing the expansion of Orly Airport near Paris presenting a conflict with airspace traffic, and plans were in the works to expand Vernouillet into a commercial site.
By the summer of 1951 another location near the village of......