Duchy of Carniola

Duchy Of Carniola

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Duchy of Carniola

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The Duchy of Carniola (Vojvodina Kranjska, Herzogtum Krain) was an administrative unit of the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy from 1364 to 1918. Its capital was Ljubljana. The duchy had an area of 3,857 square miles (9,990 km²) and population of 510,000.


After Duke Henry of Carinthia had died in 1335 without a male heir, his daughter Margaret only was able to keep the County of Tyrol, while Emperor Louis IV of Wittelsbach passed the Duchy of Carinthia together with the Carniolian march to the Austrian duke Albert II von Habsburg. His son Rudolf IV awarded himself the title of a "Duke of Carniola" in 1364. After his death as a result of the quarrels between his younger brothers Albert III and Leopold, Carniola by the 1379 Treaty of Neuberg became part of Inner Austria ruled from Graz by Leopold, ancestor of the Habsburg Leopoldian line. In 1457 the Inner Austrian territories were re-united with the Archduchy of Austria under the rule of Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg. When Frederick's descendant Emperor Ferdinand I of Habsburg died in 1564, Carniola was separated again as part of Inner Austria under the rule of Ferdinand's son Archduke Charles II. Charles' son Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg in 1619 inherited all the dynasty's lands and the duchy formed a constituent part of the Habsburg Monarchy ever since.Napoleon subsequent to the 1809 Treaty of Schönbrunn formed the short-lived Illyrian Provinces from the annexed territories...
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