The Durban Declaration
is a statement signed by over 5,000 physicians and scientists in the year 2000, affirming that HIV
is the cause of AIDS
. The declaration was drafted in response to AIDS denialism
, and particularly to address South African
president Thabo Mbeki
's support for AIDS denialists. It was written several weeks prior to the 2000 International AIDS Conference
, held in Durban, South Africa
from July 9-14, 2000, and was published in the medical journal Nature
to coincide with the Durban conference. The declaration called the evidence that HIV causes AIDS "clear-cut, exhaustive and unambiguous".
Each person who signed the document was required to have a Ph.D.
-equivalent degree. To avoid the appearance of conflict of interest, scientists "working for commercial companies were asked not to sign." The signatories included eleven Nobel prize
, writing in the New Yorker
, called the Durban Declaration "one of the saddest documents in modern scientific history," reflecting concern that Mbeki's embrace of AIDS denialism was a disastrous response to South Africa's AIDS epidemic
. and initially dismissed the Durban declaration. Health... Read More