>The Eastern Metropolitan Bypass
, or simply E.M. Bypass, is a major road on the east
side of Kolkata that connects Bidhannagar
on the northeast to southern parts (Garia) of Kolkata
. It was designed like a bypass or beltway on the eastern side of Kolkata to lessen the perennial traffic congestion on the entire stretch of Gariahat Road. Subsequent to the construction of this road, several connectors have been built to connect Gariahat Road
to the EM Bypass to deviate traffic away from the Gariahat Road. This, along with moving significant parts of public and private offices to Bidhannagar is deemed necessary to maintain the future growth of Kolkata.Starting from the northern hub of Ultadanga
in the south, the road runs a distance of 21 km along the eastern rim of the city and is one of the most important roads of the metropolis, and can be described as one of its economic lifelines. Plans are currently underway to extend the road to the Falta Export Processing Zone (FEPZ) at Falta
on the Hooghly River
. The current projects undertaken by KMDA for infrastructural improvements on EM Bypass can be found at .
Connectors and Overpasses
A number of 'connectors' or connecting roads link the bypass to major hubs of the city all along its route. From north to south, these are
- Maniktala connector connecting Maniktala market
- Beleghata connector connecting Sealdah railway station
- J B S Haldane Avenue (also referred as Park Circus connector) connecting the Park......