Echizen, Fukui

Echizen, Fukui

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Echizen, Fukui

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is a city located in Fukui, Japan.

Echizen was incorporated in its present form on October 1, 2005, when the city of Takefu and the town of Imadate (from Imadate District) merged to form the new city, although it has been an important regional center for over 1,500 years. It has multiple former castle sites as well as prehistoric archeological sites. Echizen is known for its well over 300 shrines and temples. It was the home (for a year) of Murasaki Shikibu, the celebrated author of The Tale of Genji. Her father was governor of the Heian province of Echizen.

As of August 1, 2008, the city has an estimated population of 86,562 and the density of 375 persons per km². The total area is 230.75 km².


Yamato period

During the Yamato period, the area from Tsuruga to Niigata was a kingdom called Koshi. In the year 507, during a succession crisis, a ruler from the Ajimano area of Echizen ascended to the chrysanthemum throne to become the 26th emperor of Japan, Keitai-tennō, founding a new imperial dynasty. At that time, the Echizen basin began to develop economically and culturally.

Nara period

The Kingdom of Koshi was divided into three provinces, Echizen, Etchū, and Echigo. Echizen grew into an important military base, guarding the capital provinces from the North. The area that would become Echizen city served as the gateway to the Hokurikudō road, and a government was established at Echizen-Fuchū (present-day Fuchū neighborhood). The area grew and...
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