Economy of Montenegro

Economy Of Montenegro

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Economy of Montenegro

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Description:
Economy of Montenegro is mostly a service based economy, currently in process of economic transition. Economy of this small Balkan state is recovering from impact of Yugoslav Wars, decline of industry following the breakup of SFRY, and UN economic sanctions.

History

As a relatively small principality and kingdom, Montenegro made its first steps towards an industrial economy only at the turn of the 20th century. The causes for this relative delay lay in the small population, lack of raw materials, underdeveloped transport network and comparatively low rate of investment. However, this delay in industrialisation had its positive effects - Montenegro survived as a specific ecological oasis.

The first factories were built in Montenegro in the first decade of the 20th century, followed by wood mills, an oil refinery, a brewery, and electric power plants. This brief evolution of industrial economy was interrupted by new wars - First Balkan War (1912–1913), followed by World War I and World War II. Between the two world wars, agriculture maintained its dominant position in the national economy, while the sole remaining industrial plants were wood mills, tobacco factories, breweries, and salt works.

SFRY-era

The economy made major progress only after World War II, as Montenegro became part of the SFRY. In the period following World War II, Montenegro experienced a period of rapid urbanization and industrialization. An industrial sector based on electricity generation, steel,......
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