Edward William Shore
(November 25, 1902 – March 16, 1985) was a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman
, principally for the Boston Bruins
of the National Hockey League
, and the longtime owner of the Springfield Indians
of the American Hockey League
, iconic for his toughness and defensive skill.
Shore won the Hart Trophy
as the league's most valuable player four times, the most of any defenceman, and third overall behind Wayne Gretzky and Gordie Howe. Shore was named a season-ending NHL All-Star
eight of the first nine seasons that the league named such teams; the only season he failed to do so he missed over half the schedule due to injury. A bruiser known for NHL violence
, Shore set a then-NHL record for 165 penalty
minutes in his second season.
Shore played with the Regina Capitals
of the Western Canada Hockey League
. His team finished last in the league and folded at the end of the season. Shore moved to the league champion Edmonton Eskimos
, where he converted from forward
and was given the nickname "the Edmonton Express."
When the Western Hockey League (renamed from the WCHL) folded in 1926, Shore was sold to the Boston Bruins
of the NHL. As a rookie, he scored 12 goals
and six assists
for a total of 18 points and accumulated 130 penalty minutes. Shore helped the Bruins win their first Stanley Cup
In the 1925–26 season, Billy Coutu
and Sprague Cleghorn
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