Edith Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marchioness of Londonderry DBE
(3 December 1878 – 23 April 1959) was a noted socialite and philanthropist in the United Kingdom
between World War I and World War II.
Born as Edith Helen Chaplin
, she was the daughter of Henry Chaplin
(later the 1st Viscount Chaplin
). After the death of her mother in 1881, Edith was raised largely at Dunrobin Castle
, the estate of her maternal grandfather
, the third Duke of Sutherland
On 28 November 1899, she married Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh
, who later inherited his father's title in 1915, whereupon Edith became Marchioness of Londonderry
. They had five children, the firstborn of whom, their only son, Robin, became the 8th Marquess
in 1949, at which point Lady Londonderry became Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry
. One of Lady Londonderry's grandchildren, Annabel Goldsmith
, is also a noted London socialite.
In 1914, after the outbreak of World War I, she was appointed the Colonel-in-Chief
of the Women's Volunteer Reserve (WRV), a volunteer force formed of women replacing the men who had left work and gone up to the Front
. The WRV was renamed in July 1914 as The Women's Legion
and was considerable in size by the end of the War, comprising tens of thousands of volunteers.
Lady Londonderry also aided with the organisation of the Officers' Hospital set up in her house
, and was the first woman to be appointed to be a Dame......