Eduardo Dato e Iradier
(12 August 1856 – 8 March 1921) was a Spanish political leader. He served three times as Spanish Prime Minister
: from 27 October 1913 to 9 December 1915, from 11 June 1917 to 3 November 1917, and from 28 April 1920 till his death. Also he held eleven cabinet ministries, and was four times President
of the Spanish Congress of Deputies
(a role approximating to that of parliamentary Speaker).
Born in A Coruña
, son of Carlos Dato y Granados (himself the son of Carlos Dato Camacho
and wife Cayetana Ruperta Granados
, de Vivancos e Acosta
) and wife Rosa Lorenza Iradier e Arce, of Galician
descent, he moved with his family to Madrid
while still young. He obtained a degree
in 1875 and opened his law office two years later. Elected to the Spanish parliament in 1883, he became Under-secretary for the Ministry of the Interior in 1892.
He held the position of Minister of the Interior
and Minister of Justice
over the next fifteen years. In 1907, he ran for and won the position of Mayor of Madrid
. In 1910, he entered the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences. In 1913 he became Prime Minister of Spain for the first time. In 1915, he left that position, but would return to it for a short while in 1917. He became the 230th Minister for Foreign Affairs
from 22 March 1918 to 9 November 1918. Then he moved to the post of Minister of State
and stayed there until 1920, when he led the government as Prime Minister......