Education Act 1696

Education Act 1696

Education Act 1696

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The Education Act 1696 was an Act of the Parliament of Scotland (1696 c.26) that ordered locally funded, Church-supervised schools to be established in every parish in Scotland. It was passed by the Parliament at Edinburgh on 8 September 1696 in the reign of William II, titled "Act for settling of schools." The act stated that for every parish without a school and paid schoolmaster:
  • a school will be founded and a schoolmaster appointed with the advice of the heritors and the parish minister.
  • to this end, the heritors of every congregation will meet, and provide:
    • a suitable house for the school.
    • an annual salary for the schoolmaster, between 100-200 merk.
    • a new tax on heritors and life-rent to pay for these.
    • for the tenants of heritors, they must pay half of the taxable amount on the land that they use to their heritors.
  • if a majority of the heritors cannot agree, then any 5 members of the commissioners of supply are empowered to do it and assess the new tax.
  • if the new tax is not paid, the debt is doubled, letters of horning are issued, and further actions will be taken; and if the tax is still not paid, the debt is repeatedly redoubled until it has been paid.
  • if the Parliament passes a suspension of this act, it will be discussed summarily, without the usual Parliamentary formalities.
  • life-renters owe the new tax on their rented land, just as if they owned the land.
  • it is lawful for any person to petition the commissioners...... ...
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